The Era of Personalized Cancer Therapeutics
Isabel Levy & Seema Bachoo Glossary Adoptive T cell transfer, Allosteric site, Clonal expansion, CRISPR-Cas9, DNA, DNA sequencing, EGFR, ‘Gain-of-function’ mutation, Genome, Genomic Instability, GTPase, GDP, GTP, Kinase, ‘Loss-of-function’ mutation, MAPK signaling pathway, Mutation, Oncogene/Proto-oncogene, Personalized Cancer Medicine, PI3K pathway, RAS, TP53 gene, Tumor suppressor gene Background Cancer: a disease of the genome […]
Genomics: The Advent of Preventative Medicine?
Olivia Crossley Glossary Amniocentesis, Cell, Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Chorionic villus sampling, Chromosome, COVID-19, CRISPR-Cas9, Cystic fibrosis, DNA, Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy, Etiology, Familial Hypercholesterolemia, Gene, Genetic Counselling, Genetic Testing, Hemophilia, Leopard syndrome, Mucopolysaccharidosis type I, Noncoding DNA, Parkinson’s disease, Pharmacogenomics, Phenylketonuria, Precision Medicine, Prenatal testing, Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Disorder, Spinal Muscular Atrophy What is […]
COVID-19: How will testing and vaccines have to adapt to new variants?
Joana Vidigueira Glossary Antibody, Antigen, Antigen-presenting Cell, B cell, Booster, Clinical Trial, COVID-19, Dendritic Cell, Deoxyribonucleic Acid, Epidemiology, Helper T-cell, Host Cell, Immunity, Immune Response, Killer T-cell, Lymph Node, Macrophage, Mutation, Ribonucleic acid, RT-PCR, SARS-CoV-2, Vaccine, Variant, Virus Abbreviations SARS: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, CoV: coronavirus, MERS: Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome, DNA: deoxyribonucleic acid, […]
How immunotherapy can improve colorectal cancer prognosis
Aaron Logsdon Abbreviations CAR, chimeric antigen receptor; CAR-T, chimeric antigen receptor T lymphocyte therapy; CRC, colorectal cancer; DCR, disease control rate; dMMR, mismatch repair-deficient; FDA, US Food and Drug Administration; ICI, immune checkpoint inhibition; MMR, mismatch repair genes; MSI-H, high microsatellite instability; MSS, microsatellite stable; OR, objective response; pMMR, mismatch repair proficient; Treg, T […]
What is meant by the terms Personalized and Precision Medicine?
Lovisa Lindquist Glossary Cell Cycle, Chromosome, Cystic Fibrosis, CFTR gene, Deletion, DNA, Epigenetics, Frameshift Mutation, Gene, Gene Therapy, Genetic Testing, Genotype, Inversion, mRNA, Mutation, Personalized Medicine, Phenotype, Precision Medicine, Protein, Translocation, Tumour Heterogeneity, Tumor Suppressor Gene Currently, the majority of healthcare systems around the world employ a ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach when treating patients that have […]
In support of Breast Cancer Awareness month: Understanding the disease
Alessandro Troiani Glossary Biopsy, BRCA1, BRCA2, Breast Cancer, Cell Cycle, Chemotherapy, DNA, Ductal Carcinoma, Estrogen Receptor, Genetic Testing, Grade, HER2, Immunotherapy, Inflammatory Breast Cancer, Lobular Carcinoma, Lymph Node, Mammogram, Metastasis, Monoclonal Antibody, MRI, Mutation, Neoadjuvant Therapy, Neoplasm, PIK3CA gene, Progesterone Receptor, Prognosis, Surgery, TNM Staging System, TP53 gene, Triple-negative Breast Cancer, Tumor “We […]
Huntington’s disease: prevention and current innovations in treatment
Huntington’s disease: prevention and current innovations in treatment Jenny Chatzigerou Glossary Allele, Antibody, Autosomal, DNA, Gene, MicroRNA, mRNA, Neurodegenerative disorder, Neuron, Neuroleptic, Neurotransmitter, Nucleotide, Polymorphism, RNA Huntington’s disease (HD) is a genetic neurodegenerative disorder that was first described in 1872 by the physician George Huntington,1 in his seminal paper ‘On Chorea’. Huntington described the condition […]