Prostate cancer research: Latest advances
Tala Elremmash Glossary: Brachytherapy, BRCA genes, Digital Rectal Examination (DRE), External Beam Radiation Therapy (EBRT), ExoDx Prostate (EPI), 68Ga-PSMA-11, Gleason Score, High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU), Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT), 4Kscore Test, Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging (mpMRI), PCA3, Prostatic Intraepithelial Neoplasia (PIN), Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA), Prostate-specific Membrane Antigen Positron Emission Tomography (PSMA-PET), Stereotactic […]
The Era of Personalized Cancer Therapeutics
Isabel Levy & Seema Bachoo Glossary Adoptive T cell transfer, Allosteric site, Clonal expansion, CRISPR-Cas9, DNA, DNA sequencing, EGFR, ‘Gain-of-function’ mutation, Genome, Genomic Instability, GTPase, GDP, GTP, Kinase, ‘Loss-of-function’ mutation, MAPK signaling pathway, Mutation, Oncogene/Proto-oncogene, Personalized Cancer Medicine, PI3K pathway, RAS, TP53 gene, Tumor suppressor gene Background Cancer: a disease of the genome […]
The use of Stem Cells in Modern Medicine
Lovisa Lindquist Abbreviations CNS, central nervous system; ESC, embryonic stem cell; FDA, Food & drug administration; HLA, human leukocyte antigen; HSC, hematopoietic stem cell; ICM, inner cell mass; iPSC, induced pluripotent stem cell; IVF, in vitro fertilization; MS, multiple sclerosis; MSC, mesenchymal stem cells; SC, stem cell Glossary Adipose tissue, Amniotic sac, Antigen, Autoimmune […]
What is CAR-T cell therapy?
Seema Bachoo Immunotherapy is a type of cancer treatment that makes use of a patient’s own immune system to target and destroy cancer cells, with the aim of eliminating cancer from the body. There are several different types of immunotherapies. Cytokine-based immunotherapies harness the power of cytokines, which are soluble proteins that stimulate and […]
Pharmacogenomics: The future of medicine?
Celeste Cohen Picture credit: National Human Genome Research Institute Note: All terms shown in bold are defined in the glossary at the end of the article. Defining Pharmacogenomics From chemotherapy to HIV drugs, the past century has seen rapid advances in medical innovation, which have given rise to a wide range […]
In support of Breast Cancer Awareness month: Understanding the disease
Alessandro Troiani Glossary Biopsy, BRCA1, BRCA2, Breast Cancer, Cell Cycle, Chemotherapy, DNA, Ductal Carcinoma, Estrogen Receptor, Genetic Testing, Grade, HER2, Immunotherapy, Inflammatory Breast Cancer, Lobular Carcinoma, Lymph Node, Mammogram, Metastasis, Monoclonal Antibody, MRI, Mutation, Neoadjuvant Therapy, Neoplasm, PIK3CA gene, Progesterone Receptor, Prognosis, Surgery, TNM Staging System, TP53 gene, Triple-negative Breast Cancer, Tumor “We […]